Basic facts: missing / murdered Aboriginal women

This is not an in depth review, which I don’t have time for at the moment; but some basic facts. Based on the small number of known documented cases, quotes from fact sheet below:

Stats

“NWAC has gathered information about 582 cases of missing and murdered Aboriginal women and girls. Of these:

 67% are murder cases (death as the result of homicide or negligence);

 20% are cases of missing women or girls;

 4% are cases of suspicious death—deaths regarded as natural or accidental by police, but considered suspicious by family or community members; and

 9% are cases where the nature of the case is unknown—it is unclear whether the woman was  murdered, is missing or died in suspicious circumstances.

Over representation 

NWAC’s research indicates that, between 2000 and 2008, Aboriginal women and girls represented approximately 10% of all female homicides in Canada. However, Aboriginal women make up only 3% of the female population.

There are no national data sources regarding missing persons in Canada. This makes it difficult to look at the issue of missing Aboriginal women and girls in comparison to other missing women. The Saskatchewan Association of Chiefs of Police (SACP) is perhaps the only policing body to publish statistics on missing persons. It reports that almost 59% of missing women and girls in Saskatchewan are of Aboriginal ancestry.”

(Update: cakers started a database in 2014, only because of the missing Aboriginal women’s situation – can’t even give them credit for starting it themselves.)


Cases are recent

The oldest case in NWAC’s database occurred in 1944, but most are much more recent; 39% of the cases in NWAC’s database occurred between 2000 and 2010, and 17% occurred in the 1990s. In contrast, only 2% of the cases in the database occurred before 1970. This gap strongly suggests that there are still many older cases to document.

Young

Most of the cases involve young women and girls. Just over half of the cases (55%) involve women and girls under the age of 31, with 17% of women and girls 18 years of age or younger. Only 8% of cases involve women over 45.

Mothers

Of the cases where this information is known, the vast majority of women in NWAC’s database (88%) were mothers. NWAC estimates that more than 440 children have been impacted by the disappearance or murder of their mother. Very little is known about what happens to these children following the loss of their mother.

What is going on in BC?

More than a quarter (28%) of all cases occurred in British Columbia
, followed by Alberta with 16% of cases. Overall, more than half (54%) of cases occurred in the West: 29% of cases occurred in the south (Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec), 6% took place in the North; and 2% took place in the Atlantic provinces. NWAC is still working to confirm where the violence occurred in 8% of cases

Unsolved

NWAC has found that only 53% of murder cases involving Aboriginal women and girls have led to charges of homicide. This is dramatically different from the national clearance rate for homicides in Canada, which was last reported as 84% (Statistics Canada 2005, p.10). While a small number of cases in NWAC’s database have been “cleared” by the suicide of the offender or charges other than homicide, 40% of murder cases remain unsolved.

Aboriginal women are almost three times more likely to be killed by a stranger than non-Aboriginal women are.

Women involved in prostitution are extremely vulnerable and experience high levels of violence. NWAC has gathered information about prostitution in only a small number of cases. Of these cases, about half involve women who were not involved in prostitution, and about half involve women who were or were suspected to be involved in this area. This finding may change as we collect more data.”

The caker government is only now beginning to “structure an inquiry” into the matter. Most cakers have dismissed these women as ‘mere prostitutes’ and huffed that while working in such a dangerous “occupation” it’s natural they would come to harm. So far the NWAC’s research shows a significant portion were in fact not prostitutes.

Regardless of whether or not these women are prostitutes, what needs accounting for is the discrepancy. Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal women working in prostitution should face roughly the same percentage of murder and missing cases. Some take for granted that Aboriginal women will be over-represented in prostitution, but being such a minority in the country I can’t see them outweighing their “white” non-indigenous counterparts outright. Even if that were the case, murder cases should even out  on a percentage-wise basis.

But herein lies the problem, the cakers will say “well we don’t have the data!” (Repeat after me: we don’t have the data!) And without that, comparing indigenous high-risk population murders to others will be difficult.

(*Note: NWAC’s data was compiled in 2010, Stats Can data from 2014.)

The next defensive argument cakers make is that these women were mostly killed by “people they knew”. Which really is no surprise because most people are killed by those they know – especially women. The blame shifted to Aboriginal men, but Statistics Canada says:

Non-Aboriginal women are more likely to be killed by family members than Aboriginal women (by 7%)

Aboriginal women are more likely to be killed by an acquaintance (5%); differences of homicide by stranger were only 2%.

It would be interesting to note the race of the ‘acquaintances’ but that isn’t mentioned here. If they’re Aboriginal, it evens out. If they’re white or non-indigenous then there’s a difference.

The homicide by stranger is also interesting, because if all these Aboriginal women are ‘prostitutes’ doing high-risk activities, shouldn’t the murder-by-stranger ratio be much higher than negligible? If you want to argue Johns as ‘acquaintances’ then you would need to figure out the number of murder-by-Johns for non-indigenous prostitutes.

Aboriginal people are 6 (women) to 7 (men) times more likely to be victims of homicide than non-indigenous persons.

For women they are 12x more likely in the Yukon and 11x more likely in Saskatchewan.

You could make a case for Aboriginal men being killed by fellow Aboriginals (I don’t have stats on this, I’m going by known gangs in Manitoba, etc), but those facts don’t necessarily bear out for the women. Approximately 79% of Aboriginal women are killed by those “they know”; this is roughly the equivalent of non-Aboriginal women – 81%.

Again, it depends on who these ‘acquaintances’ are. Really, the most reasonable answer is likely looking us in the face: the discrepancy is racism. Native women are seen as more ‘disposable’, unworthy, deserving of harm, and it’s likely figured that if they go missing nobody will care and it will attract less attention than a white woman for instance.

Now if solving the problem of missing Indigenous women comes down to solving racism in Canadian society … well, good luck with that! Canada is a typical racist colonial society that is unapologetic about its past, feels that it ‘deserves’ or ‘earned’ the right to conquest and that it’s justified by Providence or superior culture.


As mentioned in the last post, non-indigenous treatment and sexual exploitation of Aboriginal women is a serious problem. But that would mean holding white Canadian men to account – something that simply isn’t going to happen any time soon (as they control most of the society, especially the upper echelons).

Reasonable solutions were made in the report on how to help these objectified, trafficked women – but it’s up to their abusers to help implement the solutions to solving the crisis, a bit ironic and unlikely. A part of any formal “solution” will have to entail stopping the sexual trafficking and abusing of Aboriginal women by the majority non-indigenous Canadians. (Yes, that means actual law enforcement and not slaps on the wrist.)

I will have to look at more reports, but again it all comes down to who you choose to believe. According to a study/analysis done by the Toronto Star, most indigenous women did not know their killers. One might be more inclined to believe the press, rather than an often inept RCMP force that has the political need to cover its ass. Keep in mind the corruption of the Canadian government regarding the residential schools and its attempt to circumvent its crimes – can we expect any less here?

The Takeaway:

Simply put, Canada is a horrible place for Aboriginal women. To any reading this that are educated and have any options – I suggest you flee to the US as is your right under the Jay Treaty.

Contradictions in Canada: Blacks

Canada: land of cognitive dissonance.

Here is one example of Canadian contradiction:


Blacks


Black people have been in Canada since the early 1600’s and unknown to a large segment of Canadians, they were also slaves in early colonial Canada (black history in general is overlooked or completely ignored).

Few enough think about the experience of black Canadians: regular racism, discrimination, lack of empathy and dismissive attitudes about their hardships. Most Canadians flippantly tell them that racism against blacks is a problem in the USA, not here.

Most Canadians know about issues of racism against Aboriginals, but believe that racism against blacks is minimal in Canada. Canadians love to shake their finger at their American neighbors and self-righteously proclaim themselves so superior in issues of race – particularly regarding black people. But as is so often the case with cakers, their self-image and reality are at blunt odds…

The data shows that when it comes to hate crimes, black Canadians are the number one victim! They account for roughly half of all racial hate crimes, which is parallel with American stats.

The USA has 10x the population level of Canada: 35 million vs 318  million. Black Canadians make up 2.9% of Canada’s population while black Americans make up 13.3% of the population. Which begs the question: who has the bigger problem here?

It should be noted that the likely reason hate crimes against Aboriginals are so low is because half their population resides on remote reserves, and a large percentage of the rest live on reserves inside cities or on the outskirts.

What can we conclude from all this? Cakers are no better than their American neighbors, and in fact a whole lot worse in most ways! 

Canada has a problem with racism. In fact, Canada has many problems … all swept under the rug so as to look good in front of the world. 


Note: While re-posting this, I updated it with current stats. I knew they would be no different because Canada never changes. 

Update: since this post, Statistics Canada has stopped compiling hate crimes information on individual groups and has combined them together.


Stats Can: 

2017 https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/181129/t001a-eng.htm

2015/16 https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/85-002-x/2018001/article/54915-eng.htm

2014/15 https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/85-002-x/2017001/article/14832-eng.htm

2013 https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/85-002-x/2015001/article/14191-eng.htm#a11

2012 https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/85-002-x/2014001/article/14028-eng.htm

2009/10 https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/85-002-x/2012001/article/11635-eng.htm

Quick look: Poverty in Canada

‘Tis the land of milk and honey! Some fun facts for the brainwashed:


1 in 6 people in Canada live in poverty. 

1 in 5 children in British Columbia live in poverty.

1 in 6 Alberta children live below the poverty line.

In Saskatchewan, 26.7 percent of children live in poverty

27.4 percent of children in Manitoba live in poverty

Almost 1 in 5 children in Ontario live in poverty.

51% of indigenous children in Canada live in poverty, and that raises to 60% on reserves. 

More than 1 in 5 children live in poverty in Nova Scotia

About 1 in 7 users of shelters is a child.

21% of single mothers in Canada raise their children while living in poverty
(7% of single fathers raise their children in poverty).

Women who work full-time earn about 72 cents for every dollar earned by men.

1 in 5 racialized families live in poverty in Canada, as opposed to 1 in 20 non-racialized families.

Racialized women living in poverty were almost twice as likely to work in manufacturing jobs than other women living in poverty.

Nearly 15% of elderly single individuals live in poverty

1 in 10 Canadians cannot afford to fill their medical prescriptions. Canada is the only industrialized country with a universal healthcare system but without a national pharmacare policy.

Almost 1 in every 5 households experience serious housing affordability issues (spending over 50% of their low income on rent) which puts them at risk of homelessness.


Now because Canadians always have to point the finger at Americans whenever criticized, I looked up statistics regarding poverty in the USA. Depending on the source (Census Bureau, NCCP, Unicef, etc) the numbers vary from 1 in 3 to 1 in 7. Generally, 1 in 5 children in poverty is the most frequently quoted number.

According to the most frequently cited number in national news and other studies, the amount of children in poverty in Canada is approx 1 in 5.

Canada has 35 million people. The United States has 318 million.

Let that sink in for a moment.


Update:  

I am appalled (but not surprised) at the amount of Canadians living in denial of the facts and accusing me of lying even as I provide statistics and links. More would be given but the data is lacking. Canada didn’t start properly tracking child poverty in the northern territories or on reserves until 2016! Data is still often 3-4 years old in recent reports as well. 

Since this blog post was written a couple years ago, I’ve updated with more recent statistic data before re-posting it. 

In 1989, all parties in the House of Commons passed a resolution to end child poverty by the year 2000. Since that time, poverty rates have not decreased at all and have increased across the country. 

Sources:

http://www.cwp-csp.ca/poverty/just-the-facts/

http://www.nccp.org/topics/childpoverty.html

http://globalnews.ca/news/2360311/nearly-1-in-5-canadian-children-living-in-poverty-report/

https://firstcallbc.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/First_Call_Report_Card_2018_web_Nov_20.pdf

https://globalnews.ca/video/4683561/1-in-6-alberta-children-lives-below-poverty-line

https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/saskatchewan/sask-poverty-report-2018-1.4916410

https://globalnews.ca/news/4279779/manitoba-riding-has-highest-child-poverty-rate-in-canada-report/

https://www.cwp-csp.ca/resources/resources/shameful-neglect-indigenous-child-poverty-canada

https://globalnews.ca/news/3872633/nova-scotia-still-has-highest-rate-of-child-poverty-in-atlantic-canada-report/

https://www.cpj.ca/sites/default/files/docs/files/Poverty%20Trends%20Report%202018.pdf